In last week, Imran Khan, Pakistan’s Prime Minister (PM) had called for the United Nations (UN) attention and seek for international action against the Indian Government’s recent move on Kashmir and other issues especially the enactment of Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 (CAA). Trump administration had recently said that Washington would take part in mediating between India and Pakistan over existing issues.
Calling for the UN Action over Kashmir
Concerning various issues, Pakistan’s PM Imran Khan urged the UN and international leaders to help in mediating between the two nuclear-armed countries, India and Pakistan.
The Islamabad leader put certain concerns especially the removal of the Article 370 of the Indian Constitution which provided the special autonomy status of the Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) in August 2019 and the enactment of the controversial law of citizenship, CAA, 2019 which was alleged as the law violated the basic structure of secularism enshrined in the Indian Constitution.
Over the latest citizenship law, there has been a wide range of national protests going on in many parts of the country as the new citizenship act was considered discriminatory on the basis of religion. Taking the opportunity, Khan said during a media briefing at the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, “This is a potential flashpoint… for international institutions … specifically set up to stop this and come into action.”
The state of J&K was bifurcated into two union territories after the revoking of the autonomy status in a bid to integrate it fully with India. Kashmir, the former Muslim-majority state of India, had been over several conflicts as both the countries, India and Pakistan claimed Kashmir as their territory. New Delhi and Islamabad had involved in two intense wars that happened in 1965 and 1999 over the Kashmir issues. Indian officials claimed that Kashmir has been disturbed due to separatist violence since the late 1980s.
Khan’s Optimistic on the US Involvement
The PM, Khan had held a talk with the US President, Donald Trump in a meeting during the Davos Annual Meeting for World Economic Forum and both leaders were reported having an extensive discussion about the prospect of war between India and Pakistan. Khan urged Trump to intervene in the conflicts over Kashmir and avoid the possibility of war between the two countries. Following the meeting with Kahn on Tuesday last week, Trump agreed to offer in mediating the conflicts between the two nuclear countries in South Asia.
Khan expressed his biggest fear pointing out that New Delhi would do to suppress the ongoing protests in India over the controversial law on citizenship and target the minority Muslim living in India. Suspecting the possibility of war to distract the protest, Khan cited India, “We’re not close to conflict right now … What if the protests get worse in India, and to distract attention from that, what if …” Pakistan’s foreign minister, Shah Mehmood Qureshi urged the international body to intervene in the situation of Kashmir as he described the people of Kashmiri were at the risk of ‘genocide’ in the Muslim-majority region.
Speaking to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, Qureshi told, “The people of Jammu and Kashmir are apprehending the worst… I shudder to mention the word genocide here, but I must.” He further asserted, “For the last six weeks, India has transformed Jammu and Kashmir into the largest prison on this planet.”
The minister had accused India of a military crackdown that arrested more than 6,000 people without due process and he claimed, many of them had been “shipped to jails all over India.” Indian Government had recently withdrawn the imposition of banning the internet in the region of Kashmir.
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