Military Conflicts the Biggest Threat to Humanitarian Assistance in 2020

Citing the extreme global conditions ranging from hunger to climate change problems, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported that nearly 167.6 million people across the globe need global assistance.

It means 1 out of 45 people will need humanitarian help in 2020, due to the increase in global crisis including military conflicts, scarcity of food, widespread diseases, and the absence of healthcare facilities.

The UN reported that around $ 29 billion would require to tackle problems and to help 109 million most vulnerable people around the globe.

Military Conflicts, the Biggest Threat

Military conflicts pose the biggest threat to human existence and the existing global crisis cannot be effectively handled until and unless the root causes of conflicts and climate change are properly addressed by the global leaders.

The global rate of inflicting violent-related conflicts has risen drastically in this year. Addressing the rise of humanitarian needs, Mark Lowcock, the UN’s emergency relief coordinator stated, “Conflicts are becoming more protracted and intense.”

He added, “People caught up in conflict suffer displacement, hunger, psycho-social trauma, and loss of their livelihoods, education facilities, and health services.”

According to a report by the OCHA, the number of countries complying with international laws are declining. Countries violating these laws are involved in armed conflicts and thus, are putting the lives of women and children at risk. As a result of these conflicts, people are forced to abandon their homes and seek asylums in neighboring countries.

The number of refugee camps around the globe has been increasing over the years. At the beginning of 2019, armed conflicts and persecution had displaced nearly 71 million people.

As per a report by the UN, “Highly violent conflicts are causing widespread hunger, displacement, death and destruction around the world. They are taking a heavy toll on civilians, who account for 90 percent of the casualties when explosive weapons are used in populated areas.”

The attacks against global health workers and health-care facilities have also rapidly increased. In the first nine months of this year, 825 attacks took place against health workers, which led to the death of 171 people. Last year, 131 workers died, while 130 were kidnapped in 400 attacks.

Apart from military conflicts, climate change has been one of the key agents for the global humanitarian crisis. The scarcity of foods, widespread diseases, and the rise of natural calamities including earthquakes, floods, and droughts have severely impacted the lives of millions.

Humanitarian Assistance of the UN Across Countries

For 2019, around 821 million people globally were undernourished of which, 113 million suffered from acute hunger. The need for global assistance in 2020 is expected to be the highest figure in decades.

According to the UN report, until November 2019, around 166.5 million needed global assistance, which is 26% higher than the UN expectation a year ago. The UN has already received around $ 16 billion from various donors between January and November 2019.

However, the UN needs financial assistance of nearly $ 29.7 billion to help 117.4 million people worldwide.

Considering 2020 will be difficult for millions of people, the UN reported that the appeal for humanitarian assistance is likely to increase. According to the UN source, Yemen needed the most assistance, as around 24 million people, which is almost 80% of the population, needed humanitarian assistance in 2019.

Syria also faced similar problems, as the conflict in the country has sought the world’s largest refugee crisis with 5.6 million people fleeing to various neighboring counties.

Syria and Yemen made their appeal for 42% of all humanitarian funding in 2019. Other countries that need global assistance and funding include Haiti, Venezuela, Ethiopia, Iraq, Madagascar, and Myanmar.

Till mid-November 2019, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), which is an agency for global funding under the UN, had allocated more than $494 million across 47 countries for their urgent need for funding.

Apart from this, Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPFs), an International NGO that work in partnership with the UN, had also allocated $701 million across 18 countries to help their financial crisis.

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